Saturday, November 11, 2017

Veterans Day - Mad World

Mad World, Published on Jun 28, 2014 by Logan Stark
Footage from 3/5's deployment to Sangin, Afghanistan
Song: Mad World by Gary Jules

For the 25 is a documentary film by Logan Stark to memorialize 25 Marines in his unit who died during his seven-month tour in Afghanistan. More than 200 other soldiers were wounded.

On Patrol Magazine, For The 25, by Logan S. Stark
Navy Cross Citation for Sgt Matthew T. Abbate (posthumous)
USA Today, Vet's documentary honors fallen Marines

National Veterans and Military Families Month - November 2017
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs

For 98 years, Americans have remembered those who served our country in uniform on 11 November – first as Armistice Day, and then, since 1954 as Veterans Day. In this 99th year of commemoration, the Department of Veterans Affairs is broadening that tradition of observance and appreciation to include both Veterans and Military Families for the entire month of November. President Donald J. Trump Proclaims November 2017 as National Veterans and Military Families Month.

Joseph Ambrose
Veterans Day

Veterans Day is an official United States public holiday, observed annually on November 11, that honors military veterans; that is, persons who served in the United States Armed Forces. It coincides with other holidays, including Armistice Day and Remembrance Day, celebrated in other countries that mark the anniversary of the end of World War I; major hostilities of World War I were formally ended at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918, when the Armistice with Germany went into effect. The United States previously observed Armistice Day. The U.S. holiday was renamed Veterans Day in 1954. Read more

Photo: World War I veteran Joseph Ambrose attends the dedication parade for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, holding the flag that covered the casket of his son, killed in the Korean War.

One Veteran's Story: "You Come Back And You Just Don't Feel The Same."
Published on Nov 12, 2012

Marine veteran Shane Santelli shares his story of deployment in Afghanistan. During his deployment from February to September 2010, Santelli was hit by an improvised explosive device (IED). He has suffered from traumatic brain injury (TBI), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), as well as injuries to his spine.

Santelli shares what Veteran's Day means to him. To follow Santelli's story, check out the documentary Picking Up the Pieces. 2 minutes. Produced by Amanda Winkler. Music by Andrew Gaddy.

Peter van Uhm: Why I chose a gun
TED, Published on Jan 30, 2012

Peter van Uhm is the Netherlands' chief of defense, but that does not mean he is pro-war. At TEDxAmsterdam he explains how his career is one shaped by a love of peace, not a desire for bloodshed -- and why we need armies if we want peace.

Peter van Uhm

Petrus Johannes Mathias "Peter" van Uhm (born 15 June 1955) is a Royal Netherlands Army general. He served as Chief of Defence of the Armed forces of the Netherlands from 17 April 2008 until 28 June 2012. He previously served as the Commander of the Royal Netherlands Army from 5 September 2005 until 13 March 2008.... Van Uhm's promotion to CHOD was accompanied by personal tragedy as, on 18 April 2008, his son First Lieutenant Dennis van Uhm was killed in a roadside bombing in Uruzgan, the southern province of Afghanistan.[3][4] A spokesman for the Taliban claimed that militants had known about his movements and had targeted him. The Dutch government rejected this claim. Prime Minister Jan Peter Balkenende said in The Hague: "Our information is that there is no indication of any link between this cowardly deed and the fact that it was the son of the defense chief."[4][5]. Read more

Wes Moore: How to talk to veterans about the war
TED, Published on May 23, 2014

Wes Moore joined the US Army to pay for college, but the experience became core to who he is. In this heartfelt talk, the the paratrooper and captain—who went on to write "The Other Wes Moore"—explains the shock of returning home from Afghanistan. He shares the single phrase he heard from civilians on repeat, and shows why it's just not sufficient. It's a call for all of us to ask veterans to tell their stories — and listen.

Emmanuel Bernadin: Why I believe that America should bring back the draft
TED, Published on Jul 5, 2016

Emmanuel talks about his experience joining the military, as well as, his experience coming home from war. The stories of so many veterans demand our attention. Our veterans deserve better.

History of the Tuskegee Airman @8:14 and the 100th Fighter Squadron, 332d Fighter Group

Thursday, October 26, 2017

Former Phila. DA gets 5-year sentence after guilty plea

Seth Williams
Former Phila. DA gets 5-year sentence after guilty plea

American Bar Association News Blog
By Debra Cassens Weiss
Posted October 25, 2017, 9:06 am CDT

Former Philadelphia District Attorney Seth Williams was sentenced to five years in prison on Tuesday after pleading guilty to a single count relating to accepting bribes.

U.S. District Judge Paul Diamond told Williams he had sold his office to "parasites" and humiliated employees in the DA’s office, report the Associated Press and Diamond said Williams’ "profound dishonesty" had to be deterred.

Diamond imposed the five-year sentence and ordered Williams to pay nearly $100,000 in forfeiture and restitution, according to the article.

Williams had pleaded guilty during his June corruption trial to using interstate facilities to facilitate bribes from a business owner, in exchange for dismissal of 28 other charges. He had been accused of accepting gifts from two business owners, including a trip to the Dominican Republic. He was also accused of using campaign funds for business expenses and spending money that was intended to pay for his mother’s nursing home care.

During the sentencing, Williams spoke through a statement read by his lawyer. "Rather than holding myself to a higher standard, I squandered that trust placed in me," the statement said. Read more

Wednesday, August 23, 2017

Statues of SCOTUS justice who wrote Dred Scott decision are removed

A statue of former U.S. Supreme Court Justice Roger Taney
Statues of SCOTUS justice who wrote Dred Scott decision are removed

ABA Journal Online Daily News
By Debra Cassens Weiss
Posted August 18, 2017

A statue of the justice who wrote the Dred Scott decision defending slavery was removed from the grounds of the Maryland State House after 145 years in a process that began just after midnight Friday.

It was the second statue of Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger Taney removed this week in Maryland, report the Washington Post and the Baltimore Sun. The city of Baltimore removed a statue of Taney and three Confederate monuments early Wednesday.

Maryland Senate President Thomas Mike Miller Jr. had argued that a public hearing should have been held before a decision was made on removal. Miller had argued that, though Taney had written the decision, he also freed his slaves and had spoken against the practice.

The Constitution Daily has more. Taney’s 1857 opinion in Dred Scott v. Sandford held that slaves or slaves’ descendants could not be citizens. The opinion was seen as a factor helping to spur the Civil War.

African-Americans whose ancestors were brought as slaves to this country "are not included, and were not intended to be included, under the word ‘citizens’ in the Constitution, and can therefore claim none of the rights and privileges which that instrument provides for and secures to citizens of the United States," Taney wrote.

"On the contrary, they were at that time considered as a subordinate and inferior class of beings who had been subjugated by the dominant race, and, whether emancipated or not, yet remained subject to their authority, and had no rights or privileges but such as those who held the power and the Government might choose to grant them."

Before that decision, Taney’s record on slavery was mixed, according to the Constitution Daily. Taney had represented an abolitionist minister in an 1819 trial and in 1820 freed the slaves he had inherited.

On the Supreme Court, Taney joined the majority in the United States v. The Amistad decision supporting slaves who took over their slave ship. The decision found that kidnapped free Africans who were forced into slavery illegally under Spanish laws had a right to freedom.

In another case, however, Taney wrote a concurring opinion agreeing that federal fugitive slave laws applied to states that had their own laws barring the extradition of escaped slaves.
Read more

Related article: "Descendant of SCOTUS justice publicly apologizes for Dred Scott opinion"

Monday, August 21, 2017

Bannon Was Set for a Graceful Exit. Then Came Charlottesville.

Stephen K. Bannon in the Oval Office earlier this year.
Bannon Was Set for a Graceful Exit. Then Came Charlottesville.

AUG. 20, 2017

WASHINGTON — John F. Kelly, the new White House chief of staff, told Stephen K. Bannon in late July that he needed to go: No need for it to get messy, Mr. Kelly told Mr. Bannon, according to several people with firsthand knowledge of the exchange. The two worked out a mutually amicable departure date for mid-August, with President Trump’s blessing.

But as Mr. Trump struggled last week to contain a growing public furor over his response to a deadly, race-fueled melee in Virginia, Mr. Bannon clashed with Mr. Kelly over how the president should respond. Give no ground to your critics, Mr. Bannon urged the president, with characteristic truculence.

At the same time, New York real estate investor friends told Mr. Trump that the situation with Mr. Bannon was untenable: Steve Roth on Monday, Tom Barrack on Tuesday and Richard LeFrak on Wednesday.

By Thursday, after Mr. Bannon undercut American policy toward North Korea in an interview published by a left-leaning magazine, Mr. Trump himself had concluded that Mr. Bannon was too much of a liability.

By Friday, when he was forced from his job as Mr. Trump’s chief strategist, Mr. Bannon had found himself wholly isolated inside a White House where he once operated with such autonomy that he reported only to the president himself. Read more

Mayor Mike Signer spoke at the Charlottesville meeting
Melee Breaks Out at Charlottesville City Council Meeting

AUG. 21, 2017

CHARLOTTESVILLE, Va. — A melee broke out at the Charlottesville City Council meeting on Monday night, as activists and residents angrily took over the Council chambers and criticized the city’s response to a white supremacist gathering here that left a local woman dead.

It was the Council’s first meeting since the Aug. 11 and 12 rallies that brought hundreds of white supremacists to Charlottesville. White and black residents alike were furious with the police response to the demonstrations, and they faulted officers for not engaging during repeated scuffles. A woman, Heather D. Heyer, was killed when a man drove into counterprotesters.

The meeting started out without incident, but soon several residents began shouting down city officials for allowing the Aug. 12 "Unite the Right" rally to take place. When police officers forcibly removed three people from the Council meeting, the 100 or so people at the meeting broke out into furious chants, screaming "Shame" and "Shut it down!" The three people were issued summonses charging them with disorderly conduct. No injuries were reported.

"I’m outraged!" said Tracy Saxon, 41. "I watched my people get beat and murdered. They let Nazis in here have freedom of speech and they protect them? And we can’t have freedom of speech?"

Two people stood on the dais and unfurled a banner with the words "Blood on your hands!" as council members and the mayor left the room. The residents refused to cede order of the room until the authorities promised to release the residents who had been taken away and let people have their say.

Councilman Wes Bellamy, the only African-American on the Council, was the only member of the council who remained. He negotiated with residents to restore order to the room in exchange for the regular agenda being scrapped and each person getting one minute to speak.

One 35-year resident, Gail Weatherall, called for a citizen-led review of the weekend’s events and the city’s response.

Several speakers criticized the Council for not having heeded warnings to avoid the protest, and promised to vote them out of office. But city officials stressed that they had tried to deny the white supremacist rally, but that a federal court had ruled in the protest organizers’ favor.

"We tried really hard," Mayor Mike Signer said after the meeting resumed and other Council members returned.

"A federal judge forced us to have that rally downtown." Read more

Thursday, August 17, 2017

Trump's lawyer forwards email that 'validates' president's stance on Charlottesville

Trump's lawyer forwards email that 'validates' president's stance on Charlottesville

ABA Journal Online Daily News
By Stephanie Francis Ward
Posted August 17, 2017

An email forwarded by President Donald Trump's personal lawyer stated that there’s no difference between Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee and George Washington, and that the protest group Black Lives Matter has been infiltrated by terrorist organizations.

John Dowd forwarded the email to more than two dozen recipients, including a senior official at the Department of Homeland Security and staff at the Wall Street Journal, Fox News and the Washington Times, the New York Times reports.

The email originally came from Jerome Almon, who reportedly runs several websites alleging government conspiracies including one in which the FBI has been infiltrated by Islamic terrorists.

Among the similarities of Lee and Washington outlined in the email were slave ownership and rebelling against a ruling government. Titled "Information that Validates President Trump on Charlottesville," the email also advocated protecting monuments honoring Confederate soldiers, according to the Washington Post.

Dowd forwarded the email after after Trump stated that "both sides" were to blame for the violence Saturday in Charlottesville, Virginia, that left a 32-year-old paralegal dead.

"You’re sticking your nose in my personal email? People send me things. I forward them," Dowd told the New York Times in a phone interview, before hanging up.

The 76-year-old attorney told the Washington Post that he "shares a lot of things with people" and it was unfair to assume that he shared the views expressed in the email.

Almon told the New York Times that he sent Dowd the email last week, following up on a phone call where he claimed to have offered Dowd damaging information about former FBI investigator James B. Comey, who was fired by Trump on May 9.

Almon, who is black, told the newspaper that his email also stated that protesters should "go back to the ghettos and do raise their children and rebuild places like Detroit." Read more

Trump’s Immoral Equivalence Between George Washington and Robert E. Lee
The Daily Beast, by John Avlon, 08.17.17 12:43 PM ET
Historians: Robert E. Lee and George Washington Are Not Equivalent, Olivia B. Waxman
Is Robert E. Lee on the same pedestal as George Washington? Why scholars say no
Christian Science Monitor / Associated Press, by Andrew Dalton, Aug-17-2017

Exploring Robert E. Lee’s connections to George Washington
PBS NEWS HOUR, February 16, 2015 at 6:25 PM EDT

Robert E. Lee was the son of a Revolutionary War hero who was a trusted aide to George Washington. In 1861, after 25 years in the U.S. Army, Lee turned down an offer to command Union forces in the Civil War. That decision is the subject of a new book, "The Man Who Would Not Be Washington." Woodruff talks to author Jonathan Horn about choices that change history.

The Rise of Antifa - The Atlantic. The Rise of the Violent Left. Antifa’s activists say they’re battling burgeoning authoritarianism on the American right. Are they fueling it instead? Read more

Antifa Wikipedia. Antifa is a far-left militant[2] political movement of autonomous, self-described anti-fascist groups in the U.S.

Black Lives Matter (Official Website)

Black Lives Matter (Wikipedia). Black Lives Matter (BLM) is an international activist movement, originating in the African-American community, that campaigns against violence and systemic racism towards black people. BLM regularly holds protests against police killings of black people and broader issues of racial profiling, police brutality, and racial inequality in the United States criminal justice system. Read more

Attorney appointed to represent driver at Charlottesville rally is plaintiff in suit against city

Attorney appointed to represent driver at Charlottesville rally is plaintiff in suit against city

ABA Journal Online Daily News
By Stephanie Francis Ward
Posted August 16, 2017

A lawyer appointed to represent a man facing a second-degree murder charge in the death of a counterprotester during a rally of white nationalists and similar groups on Saturday in Charlottesville, Virginia, is also a plaintiff in a lawsuit that seeks to keep Confederate statues in place in two city parks.

Charles L. "Buddy" Weber Jr., a former Republican candidate for the Charlottesville city council, was appointed as counsel for James Alex Fields Jr. on Monday, the Daily Progress reports. Weber, according to a profile on his law office website, represents "civilians and veterans" in criminal defense matters. He graduated from the University of Virginia School of Law in 1998 after a 27-year career as a military officer.

Will Lyster, vice president of Friends of C’Ville Monuments, told the Daily Progress that Weber was on a hiking trip with no cellphone service and is expected to return next week.

Heather Heyer, a 32-year-old paralegal from Charlottesville, was killed when a car reportedly driven by Fields plowed into a crowd of counterprotestors. The incident occurred after skirmishes in a park containing a statue of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee in which opposing groups clashed violently.

Fields, 20, of Maumee, Ohio, made an initial appearance before a judge on Monday and indicated he was unable to afford an attorney. The public defender’s office was conflicted out of taking Fields’ case because an employee was related to someone injured in the crash, the Richmond Times-Dispatch reports. Read more

Sinclair Broadcast Group, Inc. (Official Website)

Sinclair Broadcast Group is an American telecommunications company... Headquartered in Irving, Texas, the company is the second-largest television station operator in the United States... Wikipedia

Can employees like those who participated in 'Unite the Right' in Charlottesville be fired?

Woman killed in Virginia rally was a born do gooder says mother New York Post, by Max Jaeger, August 13, 2017

Can employees like those who participated in 'Unite the Right' in Charlottesville be fired?
ABA Journal Online Daily News
By Stephanie Francis Ward
Posted August 15, 2017, 1:57 pm CDT

Do protestors who appear in photographs and are affiliated with white nationalist and similar groups have job protections in spite of the potential issues they may bring? The issue is complicated, employment lawyers told the National Law Journal.

Various social media feeds, including the one from Twitter user YesYoureRacist, continue to use crowdsourcing to identify protesters from Saturday’s "Unite the Right" rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, that left one woman dead and dozens injured. Cole White, who was one of those called out, reportedly lost his job at a Berkeley, California, restaurant.

Political views are not a protected class under federal Title VII civil rights protections, the article notes. Government employees do have free speech rights, but they’re limited in the workplace.

Also, an employer could see an employee espousing views that discriminate against people as a Title VII complaint waiting to happen. Social media has intensified the debate, says Richard Cohen, an employment lawyer with FisherBroyles.

"If an employer is watching television news — like what happened [in Charlottesville] — and sees one of his or her employees on either side of the barricades, there is nothing that protects those workers, unless they fall into another protected class," he said.

There may be an exception for speech protections, including speech that’s racist, sexist or discriminatory.

"Whether or not you agree with one or the other or the incident horrified you, it can be argued, at least from a civil rights point of view, it was protected activity," Cohen said.

That could be a stretch, said Foley & Lardner’s Donald Schroeder.

"It’s one thing to engage in a peaceful march, it’s another to engage in bottle throwing and a violent march with slurs and vulgar language," he said. "Could they bring a Title VII case? Sure, but I think it would be extremely difficult to move it forward." Read more

See also: ABA Journal: "Public Employees, Private Speech: 1st Amendment doesn’t always protect government workers"

Free PACER archive adds millions of new documents

Free PACER archive adds millions of new documents

ABA Journal Online Daily News
By Jason Tashea
Posted August 16, 2017, 11:20 am CDT

Updated: A free archive of federal court documents just got a whole lot bigger.

The Free Law Project, a California-based non-profit, posted every free written opinion and order available on PACER, the federal courts’ document portal. In total, this new collection contains 3.4 million documents from 1.5 million federal district and bankruptcy cases dating back to 1960, the Project explained in a blog post published Tuesday on the organization’s website.

"Today’s news represents a huge milestone for the project and moves the project into a new stage where we’re not only focused on people’s experience while using PACER, but we’re now also focused on providing data to startups, researchers, journalists, lawyers, and the public via our website," Michael Lissner, executive director of the Free Law Project, said in an email.

Over the past year, the Free Law Project "crawled" PACER, an automated process to collect web-based information, to build this collection. They also used a process called optical character recognition (OCR) to read and parse upwards of 400,000 scanned documents to extract the text. These documents are available on the CourtListener website.

This work was made possible by a grant from the Department of Labor and two professors studying employment law at Georgia State University. Charlotte Alexander says she and her colleague were interested in analyzing every federal case where a worker is described as an employee or an independent contractor.

Beyond her research, Alexander also wanted to make the data she used available to the public. "If we used LexisNexis or Westlaw, [the data] would only be able to be used in that discreet research project," she says, explaining that this was why she teamed up with Lissner and the Free Law Project.

With this expanded archive, anyone can access to judges’ decisions without the "restrictive terms and conditions" of for-profit, legal research vendors, explains Alexander.

These new documents were added to the already growing RECAP archive operated by the Free Law Project, which now boasts over 20 million documents from 1.8 million cases on its website. An article from 2015 noted that RECAP had collected 3.2 million documents of the potential 1 billion in PACER at that time.

Alexander and her research partner are working through the documents for their study.

"We’re still assessing how comprehensive the written reports are," she says. "There still may be holes, but this is a giant step forward in terms of access." Read online

Judges should receive anti-bias training, ABA House says

Judges should receive anti-bias training, ABA House says

ABA Journal Online Daily News
By Lee Rawles
Posted August 15, 2017, 11:52 am CDT

The issue of implicit bias has been a hot topic for the legal community, and combating it has previously been the subject of ABA efforts. New ABA President Hilarie Bass, who began her term at the close of the 2017 ABA Annual Meeting Tuesday, even created a task force to address the issue during her time as head of the Section of Litigation.

On Monday, the ABA House of Delegates approved a resolution calling for anti-bias training to be provided specifically for judges.

The Young Lawyers Division, Judicial Division and Section of Litigation introduced Resolution 121 to urge all courts to provide judicial training and continuing education on implicit bias. It also asks that state and local bar associations "work with courts to offer de-biasing training to judicial officers free of cost and at the convenience of the courts."

Lauren Marsicano with the Young Lawyers Division spoke in favor of the resolution. She recalled being told in law school that even what a judge ate before they ruled on a case could influence their decision. "I hope that they had a great breakfast, now that I’m practicing," she quipped, to laughter from the delegates.

She recalled a quote by Judge Bernice Bouie Donald of the Cincinnati-based 6th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals: "All judges view the function of their job through the lens of their experiences."

Marsicano said with additional bias training, she hoped that the worst thing future litigants would have to worry about influencing judges was what they had to eat that day.

The resolution passed with no one speaking in opposition and no audible "no" votes.

Follow along with our full coverage of the 2017 ABA Annual Meeting. Read online

My comment as nonlawyer:

"...quote by Judge Bernice Bouie Donald of the Cincinnati-based 6th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals: "All judges view the function of their job through the lens of their experiences.""

Yes, and Lawyer-Judges are the problem, not what a judge "had to eat that day".

The Lawyer-Judge Bias in the American Legal System is a book by Professor Benjamin H. Barton, University of Tennessee, Knoxville. From Cambridge University Press:

"Virtually all American judges are former lawyers. This book argues that these lawyer-judges instinctively favor the legal profession in their decisions and that this bias has far-reaching and deleterious effects on American law. There are many reasons for this bias, some obvious and some subtle. Fundamentally, it occurs because - regardless of political affiliation, race, or gender - every American judge shares a single characteristic: a career as a lawyer. This shared background results in the lawyer-judge bias. The book begins with a theoretical explanation of why judges naturally favor the interests of the legal profession and follows with case law examples from diverse areas, including legal ethics, criminal procedure, constitutional law, torts, evidence, and the business of law. The book closes with a case study of the Enron fiasco, an argument that the lawyer-judge bias has contributed to the overweening complexity of American law, and suggests some possible solutions."

Also on YouTube, PJTV: Bias! The Case Against Lawyers and Judges, interview by Glenn Reynolds with Professor Benjamin H. Barton


Go to law school to be a lawyer.
Go to judge school to be a judge.
Go to prosecutor school to be a prosecutor.

The time to help lawyers with mental health services is now, new report says

The time to help lawyers with mental health services is now, new report says

ABA Journal Online Daily News
By Stephanie Francis Ward
Posted August 14, 2017, 12:15 pm CDT

The stigma of attorneys seeking help for mental health disorders needs to be eliminated, according to a report released Monday by various groups, including the American Bar Association’s Commission on Lawyer Assistance Programs.

"To be a good lawyer, one has to be a healthy lawyer. Sadly, our profession is falling short when it comes to well-being," states the report (PDF) from the the National Task Force on Lawyer Well-Being.

It cites a 2016 study done by the commission and the Hazelden Betty Ford Foundation, which found that out of 13,000 lawyers surveyed, between 20.6 and 36.4 percent could be considered problem drinkers. The study also found that 28 percent of those surveyed suffered from depression, and 19 percent had anxiety.

The 73-page report, titled "The Path to Lawyer Well-Being: Practical Recommendations for Positive Change," also cites a 2016 study of law student well-being. Out of 3,300 students surveyed, 43 percent reported binge drinking at least once in the prior two weeks. The study defined binge drinking as consuming at least four alcoholic drinks in one sitting for women, and at least five in one sitting for men.

The Conference of Chief Justices, which helped develop the report, endorsed its recommendations last week, according to an ABA press release. Other recommendations include partnering with lawyer assistance programs, fostering respectful engagement in the profession and enhancing lawyers’ sense of self-control in their work responsibilities.

"Practices that rob lawyers of a sense of autonomy and control over their schedules and lives are especially harmful to their well-being. Research studies show that high job demands paired with a lack of a sense of control breeds depression and other psychological disorders," the report states. "Research suggests that men in jobs with such characteristics have an elevated risk of alcohol abuse."

Bree Buchanan, director of the State Bar of Texas’ LAP program, and James C. Coyle, attorney regulation counsel for the Colorado Supreme Court, co-chaired the task force. Their report includes action plans with checklists for stakeholders.

"The legal profession is already struggling. Our profession confronts a dwindling market share as the public turns to more accessible, affordable alternative legal service providers. We are at a crossroads," Buchanan and Coyle wrote. "To maintain public confidence in the profession, to meet the need for innovation in how we deliver legal services, to increase access to justice, and to reduce the level of toxicity that has allowed mental health and substance use disorders to fester among our colleagues, we have to act now." Read online

Also see, US Dept. of Justice Investigation Into Mental Health Screening by Fla Supreme Court on Bar Applicants